FAMILY PHASIANIDAE

Blue Grouse (Dendrogapus obscurus)


a. A deep series of hoots: whoop,whoop,whoop, etc., increasing in volume and tempo toward the end of the series (U).

    Series of 5-7 low, muffled, booming or hooting notes about one octave lower than Great Horned Owl; ventriloquial (P).

    Hooting of Rocky Mountain birds audible at about 50 yards, but calls of other races audible a greater distances, up to several hundred yards (F).

    Sound of hoots has a quality which suggests the sound of a large rock tossed into a pool of water. Territorial, given by male.


b. Females: clucking and cackling (F).

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)


a. Drumming is a hollow-toned, how-pitched accelerating series of beats made with the wings (U).

    Suggests a distant motor starting up, the muffled thumping starts slowly, accelerating into a whir:

bup...bup...bup...bup...bup...bup.bup.up.r-rrr (P).

    Accelerating hollow roll (R).


    Male "drums" with wings frequently at night and in morning, especially during spring, but may be heard at any time in any season; usually repeated at 4-minute intervals (F).

b. A series of sharp notes when alarmed on the ground (U).


c. Soft murmur of female with chicks, used only in close communication.


d. Assorted, seldom-heard clucks, hisses, and other vocal sounds (F).


e. A loud chuck similar to call of red squirrel (F).

California Quail (Callipepla californica)


a. A 3-syllabled call qua-quer-go, middle syllable accented, variously interpreted as where are you?, you go way, Chi-ca-go, etc. (P).

    Ca-cah-co, accent varies but typically on 2nd syllable (F).

    Carries up to 300 m or more.


b. Light clucking notes (P). Almost like a slow ratchet sound.

    Calls include various grunts, cackles, and chuckles (N).


c. Male on territory, a loud kerr or twerk (P).

    Unpaired males give a single cah in spring (F).

    A sharp turk in alarm (L).


d. Also a series of sharp pit notes (U).

    Whit-whit and tek-tek calls (F).

    A soft pit-pit-pit in flocking (L).



Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)


a. A hollow, mellow pock,pock,pock, often given repeatedly by male in breeding season; a contact or assembly call.

    Carries up to 300 m or more.


b. In spring, a loud, resonant kyork (F).

    A loud mellow cry, wook? or to-wook? repeated at infrequent intervals by male in breeding season (P).

    A soft whook like Northern Pygmy-Owl's (R).

    Mating call, a clear, descending quee-ark, can be heard up to a mile away (N). 

     A loud mellow look or too-look (L).

    A repetitive Northern Pygmy-Owl-like hoot; if close actually two notes: too-oo,too-oo; not as monotonously delivered as Pygmy's, given at 4-9 sec. intervals; birds move position during call, Pygmys do not (R. Gutierrez, pers. comm. 1984).


c. Rapid tremulous whistling sounds when alarmed (both sexes) (P).

    A tremulous tr-r-r-r (L).

    Especially give by broods or coveys; accompanies by sundry peeps.


d. A chirring call, kkddd-ke-ke-ke; alarm call given by adults with chicks (R. Gutierrez, pers. comm. 1984).

    Call carries 30-50 m.


e. Call "d" above may escalate to a screech (R. Gutierrez, pers. comm. 1984).

    Call carries 10-20 m.






                        FAMILY COLUMBIDAE

Band-Tailed Pigeon (Columba fasciata)


a. A deep owl-like whoo-hoo (U).
    Coo-coo (R).
    Oo-whoo or whoo-oo-whoo, repeated (P).

    Low-pitched, 2-toned cooing whoo-whoooo, given several times in succession (F).


b. A chirring or chirping call also given (F).



Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)


a. Melancholy cooing, the last 3 notes higher than the first: coo-ooh,coo,coo-coo (U).

    Ooah-ooo-oo-oo, 4-6 per minute (R).

    Hollow, mournful ooah,cooo,cooo,coo; at a distance, only the 3 coo's are audible (P).

    Who-ah,whoo-whoo-who, with sharply rising, inflected second syllable; all other notes on same pitch, last 3 dropping slightly at end of each (F).



Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) [formerly S. risoria]


a. Melancholy cooing, the last 3 notes higher than the first: coo-ooh,coo,coo-coo (U):
      Example 1Example 2.


b. Alarm call is a hoarse rairre.


c. When takes to flight, produces a wing whistle.